SNAME invited to attend a CIMarE meeting- HALIFAX
Date: 12 NOON, Thursday 17 Nov 2022
Location: Brightwood Golf and Country Club, https://www.brightwoodgolf.ca/
(In person) and GoTo Meeting Video Link: Please join my meeting from your computer, tablet or smartphone.
You can also dial in using your phone. Canada: +1 (647) 497-9373 Access Code: 943-043-693
Title: The Suez and Maritime Experiences
The Presenter: Alan Knight
Alan will provide a brief talk about the closure of the Suez Canal in 1967, which led to tankers having to sail Persian Gulf to Europe and N. America by way of the Cape of Good Hope (11000NM as against 3000NM via Suez) led to the building of VLCCs.
Re-opening of Suez in 1975 led to “too much tonnage chasing to little cargo” and falling freight rates. Owners had to cut costs in order to survive, which meant switching to Flag of Convenience and cheap Third World crews, which in turn led to many tanker accidents (Argo Merchant, Torrey Canyon, Amoco Cadiz). The latter led to the EU realizing that the traditional regulatory system based on rich nations of the N Hemisphere, backed by Class, was no longer working and Class was being forced to lower its standards because of “Class hopping”.
EU convened a meeting in which it was decided that Class was compromised, and an alternative mechanism, whose pay-check was INDEPENDENT of Owner and Class, was needed. Flag State Inspectors in EU are civil servants with an independent pay check, and this is how Port State Control came into existence, in the form of the Paris Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control, with HQ in France, and the SIRENAC data base in St. Malo.
It was agreed that PSC inspections would refer to the existing Conventions, Load Line, Safety Construction, MARPOL etc and Canada became a full member in 1985 when it signed MARPOL. Alan intends to show photographs of his early days in PSC (1990 onwards) showing some of the horror stories like the “Igloo Star”, and illustrating the human relations aspects of PSC. Alan will finish off with recent developments in PSC, such as the ISPS Code, Maritime Labour Convention, and the introduction of Exhaust Gas scrubbers.
JIM POPE, firstname.lastname@example.org