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This presentation outlines the development of battleships from wooden sailing ships, firing solid cannonballs, to steam turbine-powered, steel armored ships with ten times the displacement. It focuses on selected ships and events during the century, which demonstrates a significant change in technology and its use in sea warfare.
Professor George Bruce began his career as a student apprentice at Swan Hunter Shipbuilders, in Wallsend on the River Tyne on the North East coast of England. After graduating in Naval Architecture from Newcastle University, he joined the shipyard development department in Wallsend and worked in particular on the redevelopment of the Hebburn Dock shipyard, now A&P Tyne – the last surviving operational yard on the Tyne.
He spent three years at British shipbuilders as Research and Development Manager for shipyard production. While at British Shipbuilders he began to collaborate with SNAME, working on a number of projects and presenting papers at the annual shipbuilding symposium. He then moved to A&P International, shipbuilding consultants, rising to become Technical Director. Following this, George operated as an independent consultant, working with the United Kingdom’s Shipbuilders Association (SSA) and Newcastle University on projects for small shipyards.
He then joined Newcastle University full time to teach shipbuilding production and project management. George was awarded a personal chair as Professor of Shiprepair and Conversion and worked with European Union wide partners researching ship repair topics. Now retired, he continues to teach occasionally, and advise shipyards. He has also written on shipbuilding management.